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Family: Ebenaeae

Scientific name: Euclea schimperi

Authority: (A.DC.) Dandy

Synonym: Euclea daphnoides Hiern

Zulu names: amacafuthane, ichithamuzi, idungamuzi

Other names: bush guarri, white-stemmed guarri (English)  bosghwarrie, witstam, witstam-ghwarrie (Afrikaans)

Plant description: E.shcrimperi is a shrub. It has simple leaves with strongly undulate margins, greenish cream, cream, or white flowers, and berry fruits that turn black when ripe. The shrub is predominantly found in South-Eastern Asia, Madagascar, South America and tropical Africa.


  • The roots are used to prevent miscarriages.
  • The roots are used for baby cleansing.
  • The plant is used as a purgative.
  • The branches are used for craftwork.
  • The wood is never used as firewood as it is believed to lead to domestic quarrels.

Safety precaution:

Using traditional medicine responsibly can enhance your overall health and well-being. Misuse and abuse can lead to complications. You can inquire about the correct use of traditional medicine from a knowledgeable herbalist and practitioner. You can also visit or email: to learn more about traditional medicine

References and further reading: 

  • Boon, R., 2010. Pooley’s trees of Eastern South Africa. A Complete Guide. Flora & Fauna Publications Trust, Durban.
  • Doke, C.M., Vilakazi, B.W., 1972. Zulu-English dictionary. second ed. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg.
  • Johnson, D.N., 2014. KwaNobamba Royal Residence Biodiversity Report.
  • Loffler, L. and Loffler, P., 2005. Swaziland Tree Atlas.
  • Watt, J.M., and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G., 1962. Medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa, second edition. Livingstone, London.

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